Bacteriology and Pathology

The Section for Bacteriology and Pathology performs studies of serious animal diseases caused by bacteria and parasites in animals, livestock, fish and game (wild animals). In addition, the section develops tools for management and control of infectious diseases.

In Bacteriology, the research primarily revolves around non-food-borne bacteria, which can spread from animals to humans and cause illness (zoonoses), and on fish bacteriology. The focus is on the interaction between the host and the pathogenic microorganism.

Alternatives to antibiotics 

Bacterial and parasitic infections are often very harmful to the animal and can be difficult to treat with commonly known antibiotics and anthelmintics, respectively. Hence, there is a need for more knowledge about these microorganisms to better develop alternative methods for treatment. Furthermore, the goal in the longer run is to develop vaccines against bacterial diseases that often affect fish, pigs, and ruminants, so that the animals are protected against bacteria.

Studies of the gut microbiota

Additionally, the section’s research is concerned with molecular epidemiology, development of diagnostic tools using molecular methods, sensor technology, advanced microscopy, and with the characterization of multibacterial communities in the intestinal flora.

Fish farming and resistance

The research also focuses on bacteriophage therapy in fish, which is a technique using viruses to attack bacteria. The section is involved in development of genetically based methods for the determination of antibiotic resistance in pig herds. Development and testing of automated identification and typing techniques are an important part of the research. The methods can be used to prevent or cure bacterial infections in for instance pig herds and fish farms.